Rights of Permanent Residents

As a Canadian Permanent Resident (PR), one can enjoy the following rights & privileges :

  • Remain in Canada indefinitely
  • You can retain your PR status indefinitely as long as you stay in Canada for 2 years in each 5-year period
  • Live, work or study anywhere in Canada
  • Study in Canada and avoid international student tuition fees
  • Sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence
  • Travel to & from Canada as many times as you want. You only need to travel with your PR Card & passport. If you do not have a PR Card, you must apply for a “Permanent Resident Travel Document”
  • Get most social benefits that Canadian citizens receive, including health care coverage
  • Get protection under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
  • Apply for Canada citizenship, if eligible

If you hold a permanent visa but are not residing in Canada, your eligibility for the above rights & privileges may be impacted.

A Canadian Permanent Resident cannot –

  • Have a Canadian passport. You will continue to be the citizen of your current passport
  • Vote in Canadian government elections
  • Run for Canadian political office
  • Hold some jobs that need a high-level security clearance
  • Expect not to be deported if they commit a serious crime, unlike citizens who will not be deported