Key Facts

  • Capital : Ottawa
  • Government : Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
  • Provinces (10) : Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec and Saskatchewan
  • Territories (3) : Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon
  • Major Cities : St john’s, Halifax, Charlottetown, Québec city, Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, Moncton, Winnipeg, Victoria, Regina, Saskatoon, Edmonton, Calgary, Yellowknife, Iqaluit & Whitehorse.
  • Atlantic Canada includes the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland & Labrador.
  • Maritime Canada includes the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island.
  • National Holiday : Canada Day – 1st July
  • Population (2020) : 37.9 million (1/5th immigrants)
  • Population density : 3.92 per sq. km.
  • Official languages : English & French
  • Area : 9.98 million sq. kms. (2nd largest in the world)
  • Natural Resources : Bauxite, iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower.
  • Major Exports :Mineral Products (mainly crude petroleum), Natural gas, electricity, motor vehicles & parts, industrial machines, basic metals, chemicals, raw vegetables, plastic & rubber products, paper goods, precious metals, animal products, wood products, etc.
  • Major Imports :machinery and equipment, motor vehicles and parts, crude oil, chemicals, electricity, durable consumer goods
  • Legal System : Common law, except Quebec where civil law is predominant
  • GDP (PPP) :USD 1.97 trillion
  • GDP per Capita : USD 48,400
  • Personal Income Tax Rate : 15 – 33%
  • Corporate Tax Rate : 15% flat (10% for “small businesses”)
  • Commercial Bank Lending Rate : 2.45%
  • Health Expenditure :11.6% of GDP (2019)
  • Education Expenditure : 5.3% of GDP (2011)
  • International Students : 642,480
  • Major Source countries for international students : India, China, Vietnam, France, USA, Iran, Brazil, Nigeria & Mexico.
  • Life Expectancy : Male – 81.1 years / Female – 85.9 years (2020)
  • Dual Citizenship allowed
  • Currency : Canadian Dollar (CAD)
  • Time :
    Newfoundland Time Zone : GMT 3.5 hrs
    Atlantic Time Zone : GMT – 4 hrs
    Eastern Time Zone : GMT – – 5 hrs
    Central Time Zone : GMT – 6 hrs
    Mountain Time Zone : GMT – 7 hrs
    Pacific Time Zone : GMT – 8 hrs
  • International Students : 642,480 (2019)
  • Calling Code : + 1
  • Canada is a member of the G8, G7, G20, NATO, the Commonwealth, United Nations, OECD, WTO & many other international bodies.

Canada is divided into 10 Provinces and 3 Territories :

PROVINCES CAPITAL
Alberta Edmonton
British Columbia Victoria
Manitoba Winnipeg
New Brunswick Fredericton
Newfoundland & Labrador St. John’s
Nova Scotia Halifax
Ontario Toronto
Prince Edward Island Charlottetown
Quebec Quebec City
Saskatchewan Regina
TERRITORIES CAPITAL
Northwest Territories Yellowknife
Nunavut Iqaluit
Yukon Whitehorse